where is turkey bird found

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Description edit Close-up of head features

A mature male (tom or gobbler) typically weighs between 5 and 11 kg (11 and 24 lb) and is between 100 and 125 cm (39 and 49 in) long. The adult female (hen) is typically much smaller at 2. 5–5. 4 kg (5. 5–11. 9 lb) and has a length of 76–95 cm (30–37 in). [2][3] According to two extensive studies, adult males typically weigh seven 6 kg (17 lb), and adult females typically weigh 4 26 kg (9. 4 lb). [4][5] The National Wild Turkey Federation reports that the record-sized adult male wild turkey weighed 16 85 kg (37. 1 lb), with records of tom turkeys weighing over 13. 8 kg (30 lb) uncommon but not rare. [6].

As is typical of the galliform order, the wings are relatively small, with a wingspan ranging from 1 25 to 1. 44 m (4 feet 1 inch to 4 feet 9 inches) The wing chord is only 20 to 21. 4 cm (7. 9 to 8. 4 in). Given that adults typically measure two to three 2 cm (0. 79 to 1. 26 in) in culmen length. [7] The wild turkey’s tarsus is fairly long and robust, ranging in length from 9 7 to 19. 1 cm (3. 8 to 7. 5 in). The tail is also relatively long, ranging from 24. 5 to 50. 5 cm (9. 6 to 19. 9 in). [8].

Fully-grown wild turkeys have long, reddish-yellow to grayish-green legs. Males have spurs behind each of their lower legs, which they use to spar with other males. Each foot has three front toes and one shorter toe facing back. [9].

The overall color of the body feathers is typically dark and black, occasionally gray-brown, with a coppery sheen that gets more complex in older males. Mature males have a large reddish-brown head without feathers, a red throat, and red wattles on their neck and throat. Caruncles are fleshy, distinctive growths on the head that can be used to distinguish between different birds. The wattles, the exposed skin on the head and neck, and the fleshy flap on the bill, known as the snood, all swell in response to a tom’s excitement, increasing the blood flow to the head. Adults’ tail feathers are the same length, but juveniles’ tail feathers vary in length.

Males have bronze-colored wings and a long, dark tail shaped like a fan. Like many other Galliformes species, turkeys have pronounced sexual dimorphism. The male has areas of red, purple, green, copper, bronze, and gold iridescence on his feathers, and he is significantly bigger than the female. Males also have a larger preen gland (uropygial gland) than females do. Unlike most other birds, they have an unknown-functioning bacterial colony (Corynebacterium uropygiale). [10] Men usually have one “beard” (mesofiloplumes), which is a tuft of coarse hair-like filaments growing from the middle of the breast. [11] Throughout their life, turkeys develop beards continuously [12], with a one-year-old male having a beard as long as five inches (13 cm). Approximately 10% of females have a beard, which is typically shorter and thinner than that of males [11]. [11][12].

Feathers on females are generally duller, with gray and brown tones. Both sexes’ colors can be dulled by parasites; in males, bright colors can be an indication of good health. [13] The primary wing feathers have white bars. Turkeys have approximately 5,000 to 6,000 feathers. [14] Young males are referred to as jakes; they differ from toms in that jakes have tail fans with longer feathers in the center and very short “beards.” The toms tail fan feathers are uniform in length. [15] Closeup of wild turkey tom.

Turkeys have the second-highest maximum average weight of any bird in North America, after trumpeter swans (Cygnus buccinator), despite typically weighing less than waterfowl. The American white pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos), tundra swan (Cygnus columbianus columbianus), endangered California condor (Gymnogyps californianus), and whooping crane (Grus americana) are among the other American birds that weigh more than the turkey on average. [16][4].

Rio Grande wild turkey (M. g. intermedia) (Sennett, 1879) edit

The Rio Grande wild turkey was brought to central and western California, as well as certain areas of the northeastern states. Its range extends from Texas to Oklahoma, Kansas, New Mexico, Colorado, Oregon, and Utah. In the late 1950s, it was also brought to Hawaii [citation needed]. Population estimates for this subspecies are around 1,000,000. [59] This subspecies, which originated in the central plain states, was initially documented in 1879 and is more suited to a prairie environment due to its comparatively long legs. Its body feathers often have a green-coppery sheen. The lower back feathers and tail tips have a buff to very light tan color. Its natural habitats are brushy areas beside rivers, streams, or forests of scrub oak, mesquite, and pine. The Rio Grande turkey is gregarious.

FAQ

Where are turkeys mainly found?

Eastern wild turkey Christened “forest turkey” by the Puritans in the 1800s, this turkey has the largest range of any subspecies. They can be found in much of the eastern U.S., spanning from the Canadian border to northern Florida and westward to the Mississippi River.

What country is the turkey bird from?

Domestic turkeys come from the Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo), a species that is native only to the Americas. In the 1500s, Spanish traders brought some that had been domesticated by indigenous Americans to Europe and Asia.

Where do turkeys usually live?

Habitat. Wild turkeys prefer hardwood and mixed conifer-hardwood forests with scattered openings such as pastures, fields, orchards and seasonal marshes.

How did turkeys get to America?

Early Spanish explorers in the Americas took these domestic birds back with them to Europe, and soon turkeys were gobbling in farm yards over much of the world. Early European colonists migrating to America’s Atlantic seaboard actually brought domestic turkeys along with them, completing the circle back to America.