where do red robin birds live

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Taxonomy edit

Turdus migratorius was the name given to this species when Carl Linnaeus first described it in the twelfth edition of his Systema Naturae in 1766. [5] The two Latin words turdus, which means “thrush,” and migratorius, which means “to migrate,” are the sources of the binomial name. For this species, the term “robin” has been used at least since 1703. [6] The genus Turdus contains about 65 species of medium- to large thrushes, all of which have rounded heads, long, pointed wings, and typically beautiful songs. [7].

The American robin shares genetic traits with the Kurrichane thrush (Turdus virginianus), rather than belonging to the Central/South American clade of Turdus thrushes, according to research on the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. libonyanus) and the olive thrush (T. olivaceus), both African species. [8][9] This is in opposition to a 2007 DNA analysis of 60 out of 65 species of Turdus, which determined that the rufous-collared thrush (T) is the closest relative of the American robin. rufitorques) of Central America. Despite having different plumage, the two species behave and vocalize similarly. Beyond this, it is part of a small group of four species that are primarily found in Central America, indicating that it has only recently begun to spread northward into North America. [10].

Seven subspecies of American robin are recognized. These subspecies are only loosely defined and intergrade with one another. [7].

  • The eastern robin (T. m. migratorius), the nominate subspecies, breeds in the U. S. aside from the West Coast, and Canada, to the edge of the tundra extending from Alaska and northern Canada east to New England, and then south to Maryland, northwest Virginia, and North Carolina Southern coastal Alaska, southern Canada, and the majority of the United S. , Bermuda, the Bahamas and eastern Mexico. [7].
  • The Newfoundland robin (T. m. nigrideus) spends the winters in southern Newfoundland and most of the eastern United States, breeding from coastal northern Quebec to Labrador and Newfoundland. S. states to southern Louisiana, southern Mississippi, and northern Georgia. Its back is dark gray, and its head is consistently darker or blacker. The underparts of this species have a slightly redder color than the eastern subspecies. [7].
  • The southern robin (T. m. achrusterus) breeds from southern Oklahoma to the Gulf Coast states, eastern Maryland and western Virginia, and southern Florida. It spends the winter in a large portion of the breeding range in the south. It is smaller than the eastern subspecies. Pale gray tips adorn the black feathers on the forehead and crown. The underparts are paler than those of the eastern subspecies. [7].
  • The northwestern robin (T. m. caurinus) breeds from southeast Alaska, northwest Oregon, and the coast of British Columbia, all the way to Washington. It migrates during the winter from southern and central California to the east to northern Idaho and southwest British Columbia. It has very dark hair and is marginally smaller than the eastern subspecies. There is limited white on the tips of the outer two tail feathers. [7].
  • The western robin (T. m. propinquus) breeds that are found in southern Alberta, southwestern Saskatchewan, and southern British Columbia, as well as in southern California and northern Baja California. It spends the winter in Baja California and most of the southern breeding range. It is paler and more heavily tinged brownish-gray than the eastern subspecies, but it is about the same size or slightly larger. The tips of its outermost tail feathers have very little white on them. Some birds, probably females, lack almost any red below. Men tend to be darker overall, with some light or whitish areas on the head. [7].
  • The San Lucas robin (T. m. confinis) breeds in the southern Baja Californian highlands above 1,000 meters (3,300 feet). This subspecies is particularly distinctive, with pale gray-brown underparts. It is the palest subspecies, comparatively small, and has uniform pale gray-brown markings on its head, face, and upperparts. Typically, it has white edges and no white spots near the tips of the outer tail feathers. Although it is occasionally categorized as a distinct species[7], the American Ornithologists Union only recognizes it as a subspecies, albeit one that belongs to a separate group from the other six subspecies. [11].
  • The Mexican robin (T. m. phillipsi) is resident in Mexico south to central Oaxaca. The male’s underparts are less brick-red and have a rustier tone than those of the eastern subspecies. It is marginally smaller than the western subspecies but has a larger bill. [7].

Threats edit

Brood parasitism by the brown-headed cowbird is uncommon because American robins are known to reject cowbird eggs. Normally, the parasite chick does not survive to fledge, even if it does occur. [44] In a study of 105 juvenile robins, 77. One percent of those infected had one or more endoparasite species; the most common species, Syngasmus species, was found in 57% of cases. 1% of the birds. [45].

FAQ

What states do robins live in?

But declining invertebrate numbers aren’t a problem for all robins — and a good number stay up north, which is the second way robins react to winter. They have been observed in every U.S. state (except Hawai’i) and all southern Canadian provinces in January.

Where do red robins build their nests?

Nests are typically in the lower half of a tree, although they can be built as high as the treetop. American Robins also nest in gutters, eaves, on outdoor light fixtures, and other structures.

What attracts red robins?

Placing chunks of apples, strawberries, watermelon, grapes, blueberries, or even setting out a handful of raisins is a great way to attract robins to your yard. The biggest challenge in attracting robins to a feeder is the ‘discovery phase. ‘ Robins do not eat birdseed, so they are not accustomed to coming to feeders.

What ecosystem do red robins live in?

American robins live in woodlands, suburban backyards, parks, and grasslands with shrubs. Robins can be found year-round in the continental United States, and some migrate north to spend summers in Alaska. Squirrels, snakes, and other birds have been known to eat robin eggs and chicks.