where are canary birds from

Varieties edit

Domestic canaries are generally divided into three main groups:

  • Color-bred canaries are bred for a variety of color mutations, such as Ino, Eumo, Satinette, Bronze, Ivory, Onyx, Mosaic, Brown, red factor, and Green (Wild Type), which result in the darkest shade of black and brown melanin in birds with yellow ground; Yellow Melanin, a mutation that shows yellow ground color with brown and black pigment; and Yellow Lipochrome, a mutation that causes brown and black pigment to disappear, leaving yellow ground color[9] ).
  • Breeds of canaries (such as Australian plainhead, Berner, Border, Fife, Gibber Italicus, Gloster, Lancashire, Raza Española, Yorkshire, etc.) are bred specifically for their shape and conformation. ).
  • Song canaries, such as the Spanish Timbrado, German Roller (also called Harz Roller), Waterslager (also called “Malinois”), American Singer, Russian Singer, and Persian Singer, are bred for their distinct and particular song patterns.

Domestic canaries have been carefully bred for a wide range of colors, including yellow, orange, brown, black, white, and red (the color red was introduced to the domestic canary through hybridization with the red siskin (Spinus cucullatus), a species of South American finch). Wild canaries are yellowish-green in color. [10] There is also evidence of hybridization between the domestic canary (S canaria domestica) and the black-chinned siskin (Spinus barbatus) in captivity. [11].

A colony of feral yellow canaries inhabits Midway Atoll. These birds are descended from pet birds that were brought in by Commercial Pacific Cable Company employees in 1909. [12] Sand Island is home to an estimated 500 canaries that have managed to hold onto their vivid yellow feathers. [13].

Miner’s canary edit Mining foreman R. Thornburg shows a small cage with a canary used for testing carbon monoxide gas in 1928. Resuscitation cage with an oxygen cylinder serving as a handle used to revive a canary for multiple uses in detecting carbon monoxide pockets within mines

In British coal mining, mice were employed as sentinel species to detect carbon monoxide starting about 1896[15], following John Scott Haldane’s 1895 proposal. [16] Because small warm-blooded animals breathe more quickly than humans do, toxic gases like carbon monoxide or asphyxiant gases like methane[17] in the mine would first affect them before the miners. A human will need twenty times longer to be affected by carbon monoxide than a mouse, who will experience effects in a matter of minutes. [18] Later, it was discovered that canaries were a more reliable and sensitive indicator because they displayed more obvious symptoms of distress. Their use in mining is documented from around 1900. [19] The birds were occasionally housed in carriers with tiny oxygen bottles attached to help them breathe again. In British mines, the use of miners canaries was phased out in 1986 [20][21]. [22][23].

A person or thing that acts as an early warning system for an impending crisis is commonly referred to as a “canary in a coal mine.” By analogy, a species (referred to as an indicator species) that is impacted by an environmental danger before other species is is used to describe the term “climate canary,” acting as an early warning system for the other species about the danger. [24].

Etymology edit

The Latin Insula Canaria (after one of the larger islands, Gran Canaria), which means “island of dogs,” is the source of the name of the birds. This is in reference to the Canary Islands of Spain, which are known for their “vast multitudes of dogs of very large size.” [8] At Midway Atoll, a white canary nests alongside a feral yellow canary

FAQ

Where do canaries originally come from?

The domestic canary, often simply known as the canary (Serinus canaria forma domestica), is a domesticated form of the wild canary, a small songbird in the finch family originating from the Macaronesian Islands (the Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands).

Are there wild canaries in the USA?

In the Americas, the wild canary can be spotted in Hawaii and Puerto Rico. The bird, most likely due to the fact that it is spread all across the world, has many names. The tags Atlantic, Island, Common, or WIld Canary can all be used.

Where does the canary bird live?

The canary is native to the Canary, Azores, and Madeira islands. The wild form is streak-backed and mostly greenish brown. Among other members of the genus are the serin of Europe and the brimstone canary, or bully seedeater (S. sulphuratus) of Africa, which is also kept as a pet.

Do the Canary Islands have canaries?

The Atlantic canary (Serinus canaria), known worldwide simply as the wild canary and also called the island canary, common canary, or canary, is a small passerine bird belonging to the genus Serinus in the true finch family, Fringillidae. It is native to the Canary Islands, the Azores, and Madeira.