is a flamingo a bird

flamingo, (order Phoenicopteriformes), any of six species of tall, pink wading birds with thick downturned bills. Flamingos have slender legs, long, graceful necks, large wings, and short tails. They range from about 90 to 150 cm (3 to 5 feet) tall. Flamingos are highly gregarious birds. Flocks numbering in the hundreds may be seen in long, curving flight formations and in wading groups along the shore. On some of East Africa’s large lakes, more than a million lesser flamingos (Phoeniconaias minor) gather during the breeding season. In flight, flamingos present a striking and beautiful sight, with legs and neck stretched …(100 of 532 words)

Any of six species of tall, pink wading birds with thick, downturned bills are known as flamingos (order Phoenicopteriformes). Flamingos have large wings, short tails, long, graceful necks, and slender legs. They are between three and five feet (3 and 90 centimeters) tall. Flamingos are highly gregarious birds. Hundreds-strong flocks can be observed flying in long, curved formations and wading alongside the shore. During the breeding season, over a million lesser flamingos (Phoeniconaias minor) congregate on some of the largest lakes in East Africa. Flamingos are a stunning and lovely sight when they’re in the air, their necks and legs extended. (100 of 532 words).

Relationship with grebes Many molecular and morphological studies support a relationship between

While morphological evidence also strongly supports a relationship between flamingos and grebes, recent molecular studies have suggested a relationship with grebes[12][13][14]. They share at least 11 unique morphological characteristics with other birds. Numerous of these traits were previously found in flamingos but not in grebes. [15] In terms of ecology and evolution, the fossil palaelodids can be viewed as an intermediary species between grebes and flamingos. [16].

The taxon Mirandornithes, or “miraculous birds,” has been proposed for the grebe-flamingo clade because of their extreme divergence and apomorphies. Alternatively, they might be arranged in a single rank, with Phoenocopteriformes at the top. [16].

Most sources recognize the six current species of flamingos, which were previously classified under the same genus, Phoenicopterus, due to shared characteristics. A 2014 publication[18] led to the family’s reclassification into two genera. [19] According to HBW, the family was classified into three genera in 2020. [20].

Prehistoric species of flamingo:

Typically, flamingos balance on one leg while tucking the other under their body. The reason for this behaviour is not fully understood. Given that the birds spend a lot of time wading in cold water, one theory is that standing on one leg helps the birds retain more body heat. [31] Nevertheless, the behavior is also seen in birds that normally do not stand in water, and it occurs in warm water. An alternative theory is that the energy expenditure for producing muscular effort to stand and balance on one leg is decreased when one is standing on one leg. One-legged poses can be maintained without using any muscles, according to a study on cadavers, but living flamingos exhibit significantly less body sway when in this position. [32] Two flamingos with their ankles circled in red.

While walking, a flamingos legs may appear to bend backwards. Their ankles, not their knees, are what give them this appearance at the middle joint on their legs. In addition to having webbed feet that help them swim, flamingos can stamp the mud with their feet to agitate food that is hidden beneath the surface. [33][34].

Although flamingos can fly, they frequently need to have their wings clipped in captivity to keep them from escaping. In 2005, two African flamingos that had not had their wings trimmed escaped from the zoo in Wichita, Kansas. One was spotted in Texas 14 years later. It had previously been sighted by observers in Wisconsin, Louisiana, and Texas. [35] Captive flamingos from Chile and America Flamingos in flight at

Due to aqueous bacteria and beta-carotene from their diet, adult flamingos’ plumage ranges from light pink to bright red when they hatch from grayish-red eggs. A white or pale flamingo, on the other hand, is typically ill or malnourished; a well-fed, healthy flamingo is more vividly colored and thus a more desirable mate. A notable exception are captive flamingos, which, even at optimal nutrition, may become pale pink if carotene levels are not maintained at levels that are comparable to those in the wild. [36].

Out of the six different species of flamingos, the greater flamingo is the tallest, standing at three 9 to 4. 7 feet (1. 2 to 1. 4 m) with a weight up to 7. 7 pounds (3. 5 kg), and the lesser flamingo, which is the smallest species, is 2 6 feet (0. 8 m) and weighs 5. 5 pounds (2. 5 kg). A flamingo’s wingspan can range from 37 inches (94 cm) to 59 inches (150 cm). [37].

Flamingos can lower their lower jaw and raise their upper jaw to open their bills. [38].

Etymology Captive

Flamingo is derived from the Portuguese or Spanish word flamengo (“flame-colored”), which is derived from the Provençal word flamenc, which is a compound word made up of the words flama (“flame”) and the Germanic suffix -ing. Additionally, the Spanish ethnonym flamenco (meaning “Fleming” or “Flemish”) may have had an influence on the word. The term “Phoenicopterus” comes from the Greek word “phoinikopteros,” which means “light crimson/red-feathered);[3] Other names for this genera are Phoenicoparrus, which means “crimson/red bird (though, an unknown bird of omen)” and Phoeniconaias, which means “crimson/red water nymph (or naiad)”.