does heat kill bird flu

CDC considers the current risk to the general public from the H5N1 bird flu outbreak in wild birds and poultry to be low. For information on the most recent bird flu developments specific to the United States, please visit the Current Situation Summary page.

Minimize contact with wild birds or sick or dead poultry by wearing gloves and washing your hands with soap and water after touching birds. Wear respiratory protection, such as an N95 respirator if available or, if not available, a well-fitting facemask (e.g., a surgical mask).

This is crucial knowledge that will help contain future outbreaks and remove the virus from contaminated buildings more quickly.

USDA ARS researcher Dr. Erica Spackman looked into different temperature and time profiles to successfully inactivate the avian influenza virus in chicken litter.

Dr. Spackman determined the conditions necessary to cause the virus to become inactive. The research suggested that in an outbreak situation, a poultry house should be heated to the highest temperature that is practical and for the longest time that is practical because at lower temperatures inactivation times were longer. To ensure treatment, it is important to keep an eye on the litter’s temperature during the process.

When there is an outbreak, a lot of time and energy is spent trying to use cleaning and disinfection to render the avian influenza virus inactive in a contaminated facility. The goal of cleaning and disinfection has been to remove all organic material, which involves a lot of labor and money. According to the research report, heat is a good substitute for completely removing organic material and may even increase worker safety at infected sites.

The US Poultry and Egg Association provided emergency funding of $550,000 to Dr. Spackman in October 2015.

The best prevention is to avoid sources of exposure

The best defense against avian influenza, or bird flu, is to stay as far away from exposure sources as you can. Bird flu viruses are excreted by infected birds in their feces, mucous, and saliva. Although human infections with bird flu viruses are uncommon, they can occur when enough virus enters a person’s mouth, nose, or eyes or is inhaled. This can occur when a person breathes in a virus that is present in the air (as dust particles or droplets) or when they come into contact with a virus-contaminated object and then touch their mouth, eyes, or nose. Humans typically contract the bird flu virus when they come into close, extended, unprotected (no gloves or other protective gear) contact with infected birds and then touch their mouth, eyes, or nose.

Protective actions for people who come into contact with birds infected with bird flu because of their job

Individuals who interact with birds on the job should be aware of the possibility of contracting bird flu viruses and should take the appropriate safety measures. People who work in bird rehabilitation facilities, animal sanctuaries, and bird flu response teams are among the groups of people who may be exposed to infected birds at work. If your job requires you to handle sick birds, follow these safety measures:

  • Put on safety gear such as gloves, an N95 respirator if one is available, or a facemask that fits properly if none is. g. , a surgical mask), and eye protection.
  • After coming into contact with birds or surfaces that might be contaminated with saliva, mucus, or feces from domestic or wild birds, avoid touching your mouth, nose, or eyes.
  • Hands should be cleaned with soap and water after handling birds.
  • After handling wild birds and before interacting with healthy domestic poultry, change your clothes. After that, discard the gloves and facemask and give yourself a soap and water wash.
  • More details about what to do if you have come into contact with infected poultry or other birds can be found at the CDC.

By taking these precautions, you’ll be less likely to contract bird flu viruses and less likely to infect other people, animals, and birds with the illness.

Information from the CDC is available [256 KB, 2 pages] if you become ill after having direct contact with infected birds.

FAQ

At what temperature is bird flu virus is destroyed?

Virus Survival and Destruction • Avian flu virus survives indefinitely while frozen and remains infectious. Cook all poultry products to a minimum temperature of 165°F throughout to destroy the virus. Preventing Exposure • Destroy infected poultry before it enters the food chain.

What can kill bird flu?

The proper handling and cooking of poultry and eggs to an internal temperature of 165?F kills bacteria and viruses, including bird flu viruses.

Does hot water kill bird flu?

Washing clothes in hot water will kill any H5N1 particles that could be on them.

How long does the bird flu virus live on surfaces?

The length of time that avian influenza viruses can survive on surfaces varies by the surface type and environmental factors such as temperature and humidity. They can survive longer under cold and wet conditions (weeks to months) than under warm, dry conditions (hours to days).