are hydrangeas poisonous to birds

This is a compilation of lists from multiple, reputable sources that can be found listed below. If you have any doubts about the safety of a plant, including the ones listed, please consult your Certified Avian Vet.

Depending on your region, plant names may vary. Consult a nursery to identify plant species you are unsure of. Any plant eaten in excess is likely to cause health problems, especially regarding smaller birds. Beware of any mold growth, pesticides, and toxic fertilizers that may have been used on you plants.

Abelia – Abelia spp. Acacia – Acacia spp. (some species) African Daisy – Arctotis stoechadifolia African Violet – Saintpaulina spp. Aluminum Plant – Pilea cadierei Aloe – Aloe spp. (fresh only) Aralia – Aralia spp. Arbutus – Arbutus spp. Areca, Butterfly Cane – Areca lutescens Ash – Fraxinus spp. Asparagus Fern – Asparagus densiflorus Aspen – Populus spp. Aspidistra – Aspidistra spp. Australian Laurel aka Mock Orange – Philadelphus spp. Baby’s Tears – Helxine soleirolli Baby’s Breath – Gypsophila paniculata Bachelor Buttons – Centaurea cyanus Barberry – Berberis spp. Beech – Fagus, Nothofagus Begonia – Begonia spp. Birch – Betula spp. Bird’s Nest Fern – Asplenium nidus Blood Leaf Plant – Iresine herbstii and related spp. Boston Fern – Nephrolepsis bostoniensis Bougainvillea – Bougainvillea spp. (non-toxic but beware of thorns) Brake, Ribbon, Dish – Pteris cretica Bromeliads – Anans comosus California Holly – Heteromeles arbutifolia Calamint – Calamintha spp. Calendula (Pot Marigold) – Calendula officinalis Camellia – Camellia spp. Chamomile – Chamaemelum nobile Chickweed – Cerastium vulgatum, Stellaria media Chicory – Chichorium intybus Cissus Kangaroo Vines – Cissus spp. Claw Cactus – Schlumbergera truncata Coffee Tree – Coffea arabica (coffee is toxic) Coleus – Coleus blumei Comfrey – Symphytum officinalis Corn Plant – Dracaena fragrans Cottonwood – Populus spp. Crabapple – Malus spp. (fruit only) Creeping Jenny – Lysimachia spp. Croton – Codiaeum variegatum (house variety) Dahlia – Dahlia spp. Dandelion – Taraxacum officinalis Date – Phoenix dactylifera Daylily – Hemerocallis spp. Dill – Anethum graveolen Dogwood – Cornus spp. Donkey Tail – Sedum morganianum Dracaena – Dracaena spp. Dragon Tree – Dracaena draco Easter Cactus – Rhipsalidopsis spp. Elderberry – Sambucus spp. (cooked ripe fruit only) Elm – Ulmus spp. European Fan – Chamaerops humilis Fir – Abies spp. Gold Dust Dracaena – Dracaena godseffiana Echeveria – Echeveria spp. Elephant Foot Tree – Beaucarnea recurvata Eucalyptus – Eucalyptus sp. Eugenia – Eugenia spp. Gardenia – Gardenia jasminoides Gloxinia – Sinningia speciosa Grape Ivy – Cissus rhombifolia Grape Vine – Vitis spp. Hens and Chicks – Echeveria and Sempervivum sp. Hibiscus – Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (and related species) Honeysuckle – Lonicera spp. Hoya – Hoya spp. Impatiens – Impatiens spp. Indian Hawthorne – Rhaphiolepsis spp. Larch – Larix spp. Lemon Balm – Melissa officinalis Lilac – Syringa vulgaris and related species Lilly (Easter or Tiger) – Lilium spp. Magnolia – Magnolia spp. Maidenhair Fern – Adiantum spp. Manzanita – Arctostapylos manzanita Mayapple – Podophyllum peltatum (fruit only) Monkey Plant – Ruellia spp. Moses-in-the-Cradle – Rhoeo spathacea Moth Orchid – Phalaenopsis orchid Nandina – Nandina domestica Nasturtium – Tropaeolum majus Natal Plum – Carissa macrocarpa Nerve Plant – Fittonia verschaffeltti Norfolk Island Pine – Araucaria excelsa Orchids Brazilian, Fly, Christmas, Cocktail, Dancing Doll, Easter, Fiery Reed, Tiger, Ghost Leafless, Golden Lace, Golden Shower, Jewel, Lace, Leopard, Old World, Pansy, Rainbow, Scarlet, Spice, Tailed Parsley – Petroselinum spp. Passionflower – Passiflora caerulea Peppermint – Mentha x piperita Peperomia – Peperomia spp. Petunia – Petunia spp. Pony Tail Palm – Beaucarnea recurvata Popular – Populus spp. Prayer Plant – Maranta leuconeura Purple Passion, Purple Velvet – Gynura aurantiaca Pyracantha – Pyracantha spp. Raphiolepsis – Raphiolepis spp. Rose – Rosa spp. (Non-toxic but beware of thorns) Rubber Plant – Ficus elastica Russian Olive – Elaeagnus augustifolia Schefflera – Schefflera actinophylla Sensitive Plant – Mimosa pudica Spearmint – Mentha spicata Spider Plant – Chlorophytum comosum Spruce – Picea spp. Squirrel’s Foot Fern – Davallia trichomanoides Staghorn, Elk’s Horn – Platycerium bifurcatum Star Jasmine – Trachelospermum jasminoides String of Beads – Senecio rowleyanus Swedish Ivy – Plectranthus australis Sword Fern – Nephrolepis exaltata Thistle – Cirsium spp. Ti Plant – Cordyline terminalis Violet – Viola spp. Wandering Jew – Tradescantia fluminensis Willow – Salix spp. Zebra Plant – Aphelandra squarrosa

Acokanthera – Acokanthera spp. (all parts toxic, except ripe fruit) Amaryllis – Amaryllis spp. Angel’s Trumpet – Datura spp. Apricot – Prunus armeniaca (pits, leave, and bark) Apple – Malus spp., (seeds, leaves, bark) Avocado – Persea Americana Azalea – Rhododendron canadenis Balsam Pear, Bitter Melon – Momordica charantia Baneberry – Actaea rubra, A. pachypoda Belladonna – Atropa belladonna Bird of Paradise – Poinciana and related spp. Bittersweet – Celastrus spp. Black Locust – Robinia pseudoacacia Boxwood – Boxus spp. Braken Fern – Pteridium aquilinum Buckthorn – Karwinskia humboldtiana and related spp. Burdock – Arctium spp. Buttercup – Ranunculus spp. Caladium – Caladium spp. Calla Lily – Zantedeschia aethiopica Catclaw Acacia – Acacia greggii (twigs and leaves) Caster Bean – Ricinus communis Cherry – Prunus spp. (pits, leaves and bark) Chinaberry – Melia azadarach Clematis – Clematis montana and related spp. Coral Plant – Jatropha mutifida Crocus (autumn) – Cholochicum autumnale Cycad or Sago Cycas – Cycas revoluta Daffodil – Narcissus tazetta Daphne – Daphne mezerum Death Camas – Zigadenus venenosus and other related species Delphinium – Delphinium spp. Devil’s Ivy – Epipremnum aureum Dieffenbachia (dumb cane) – Dieffenbachia spp. Eggplant – Solonum melongena (unripe/ripe fruit, leaves) Elderberry – Sambucus mexicana (roots, leaves, stems, bark) Elephant’s Ears or Taro – Colocasia spp. Euonymus – Euonymus spp. European Pennyroyal – Mentha pulegium Figs – Ficus spp. (sap) Four o’clock – Mirabilis jalapa Heliotrope – Heliotropium spp. Henbane – Hyoscyamus niger Holly – Ilex aquifolium and related spp. (leaves, berries) Horse Chestnut – Aesculus hippocastanum and related spp. Horse Nettle – Solanum carolinense Hyacinth – Hyacinthus orientalis Hydrangea – Hydrangea spp. Iris – Iris spp. Ivy – Hedera spp. (Boston, English and some others) Jack-in-the-Pulpit – Arisaema spp. Jerusalem Cherry – Solanum pseudocapsicum and related spp. (leaves, seeds and flowers) Jonquil – Narcissus jonquilla Juniper – Juniperus spp. Lantana – Lantana camara Larkspur – Delphinium spp. Laurel – Kalmia spp. Lily-of-the-Valley – Convalleria majalis Lobelia – Lobelia spp. Locoweed – Astragalus spp. and Oxytopis spp. Lupine – Lupinus spp. Marijuana – Cannabis sativa Milkweed – Asclepias spp. Mistletoe – Phoradendron villosum Moonseed – Menispermum canadense Monkshood – Aconitum spp. Morning Glory – Ipomoea violacea (seeds) Mushrooms – Amanita spp. And many others Narcissus – Narcissus spp. Oak – Quercus spp. Oleander – Nerium oleander Peach – Prunus persica (leaves, pit, bark) Pear – Pyrus spp. (leaves, seeds, bark) Peony – Paeonia officinalis Periwinkle – Vinca minor, Vinca rosea Peyote – Lophophora williamsii Philodendron – Philodendron spp. and Monstera spp. Plum – Prunus spp. (leaves, pit, bark) Poison Hemlock – Conium maculatum Poison Ivy – Toxicodendron radicans, includes T. rydbergii Poison Oak – Toxicodendron querciflium and T. diversilobum Poison Sumac – Rhux vernix Poinsettia – Euphorbia pulcherrima Poppy – Papaver somniferum and related spp. Pokeweed – Phytolacca Americana Potato – Solanum tuberosum (sprouts, leaves, berries, green tubers) Pothos – Eprimemnum aureum Primrose – Prmula spp. Privet – Ligustrum vulgare Ragwort – Senecio jacobea and related spp. Red Maple – Acer rubrum Rhododendron – Rhododendron spp. Rhubarb – Rheum rhabarbarum (leaves) Rosary Pea – Abrus precatorius Sage – Salvia officinalis Shamrock Plant – Medicago lupulina, Trifolium repens, Oxalis acetosella Skunk Cabbage – Symplocarpus foetidus Snowdrop – Galanthus nivalis Sorrel – Rumex spp., Oxalis spp. Spurges – Euphorbia spp. Star of Bethlehem – Ornithogalum umbellatum Sweet Pea – Lathyrus odoratus Tobacco – Nicotiania spp. Tomato – Lycopersicon esculentum (stems and leaves) Tulip – Tulipa spp. Virginia Creeper – Panthenocissus quinquefolia Vetches – Vicia spp. Water Hemlock – Cicuta spp. Waxberry – Symphoricarpos albus Wisteria – Wisteria spp. Yew – Taxus spp

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Depending on your region, plant names may vary. If you are unsure of the identity of a plant species, consult a nursery. Any plant overindulged in is likely to be unhealthy, especially for smaller birds. Look out for any signs of mold growth, pesticides, and harmful fertilizers that were applied to your plants.

Below is a list of lists that have been compiled from various reliable sources. Please speak with your Certified Avian Veterinarian if you have any questions concerning the safety of any plant, including those on this list.

Abelia – Abelia spp. Acacia – Acacia spp. (A few species) African Violet: Saintpaulina spp. African Daisy: Arctotis stoechadifolia Aluminum Plant – Pilea cadierei Aloe – Aloe spp. (fresh only) Aralia – Aralia spp. Arbutus – Arbutus spp. Areca, Butterfly Cane – Areca lutescens Ash – Fraxinus spp. Asparagus Fern – Asparagus densiflorus Aspen – Populus spp. Aspidistra – Aspidistra spp. Australian Laurel aka Mock Orange – Philadelphus spp. Helxine soleirolli Baby’s Tears; Gypsophila paniculata Baby’s Breath; Centaurea cyanus Bachelor Buttons; Barberry; Berberis spp. Beech – Fagus, Nothofagus Begonia – Begonia spp. Birch – Betula spp. Iresine herbstii and related species Blood Leaf Plant, Asplenium nidus, Bird’s Nest Fern Boston Fern – Nephrolepsis bostoniensis Bougainvillea – Bougainvillea spp. Calamint – Calamintha spp. Brake, Ribbon, Dish – Pteris cretica Bromeliads – Anans comosus California Holly – Heteromeles arbutifolia Calendula (Pot Marigold) – Calendula officinalis Camellia – Camellia spp. Kangaroo Vines – Cissus spp. Chamomile – Chamaemelum nobile Chickweed – Cerastium vulgatum, Stellaria media Chicory – Chichorium intybus Cissus Coffee Tree: Coffea arabica (coffee is toxic); Claw Cactus: Schlumbergera truncata; Coleus: Coleus blumei; Comfrey: Symphytum officinalis; Corn Plant: Dracaena fragrans; Cottonwood: Populus spp. Crabapple – Malus spp. (fruit only) Creeping Jenny – Lysimachia spp. Croton – Codiaeum variegatum (house variety) Dahlia – Dahlia spp. Daylily – Hemerocallis spp.; Dandelion – Taraxacum officinalis; Date – Phoenix dactylifera; Dill – Anethum graveolen Dogwood – Cornus spp. Donkey Tail – Sedum morganianum Dracaena – Dracaena spp. Dragon Tree – Dracaena draco Easter Cactus – Rhipsalidopsis spp. Elderberry – Sambucus spp. (cooked ripe fruit only) Elm – Ulmus spp. European Fan – Chamaerops humilis Fir – Abies spp. Gold Dust Dracaena – Dracaena godseffiana Echeveria – Echeveria spp. Elephant Foot Tree – Beaucarnea recurvata Eucalyptus – Eucalyptus sp. Eugenia – Eugenia spp. Species of grape vine: Cissus rhombifolia; Gardenia jasminoides Gloxinia; Sinningia speciosa; Vitis spp. Hens and Chicks – Echeveria and Sempervivum sp. Honeysuckle – Lonicera spp. Hibiscus – Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (and related species) Hoya – Hoya spp. Impatiens – Impatiens spp. Indian Hawthorne – Rhaphiolepsis spp. Larch – Larix spp. Lilac – Syringa vulgaris and related species; Lemon Balm – Melissa officinalis; Lilly (Easter or Tiger) – Lilium spp. Magnolia – Magnolia spp. Maidenhair Fern – Adiantum spp. Monkey Plant: Ruellia spp. Manzanita – Arctostapylos manzanita Mayapple – Podophyllum peltatum (fruit only) Araucaria excelsa Orchids Brazilian, Fly, Christmas, Cocktail, Dancing Doll, Easter, Fiery Reed, Tiger, Ghost Leafless, Golden Lace, Golden Shower, Jewel, Lace, Leopard, Old World, Pansy, Rainbow, Scarlet, Spice, Tailed Parsley – Petroselinum spp. Moses-in-the-Cradle – Rhoeo spathacea Moth Orchid – Phalaenopsis orchid Nandina – Nandina domestica Nasturtium – Tropaeolum majus Natal Plum – Carissa macrocarpa Nerve Plant Peperomia – Peperomia spp. Peppermint – Mentha x piperita Passionflower – Passiflora caerulea Petunia – Petunia spp. Pony Tail Palm – Beaucarnea recurvata Popular – Populus spp. Purple Passion, Gynura aurantiaca Pyracantha, and Prayer Plant, Maranta leuconeura Pyracantha spp. Raphiolepsis – Raphiolepis spp. Rose – Rosa spp. Rubber plant (Ficus elastica), Russian olive (Elaeagnus augustifolia), spruce (Chlorophytum comosum Spruce), mesquite (Mentha spicata), and picea spp. are non-toxic plants, but be cautious around thorns. Sword Fern – Nephrolepis exaltata Thistle – Plectranthus australis Squirrel’s Foot Fern – Davallia trichomanoides Staghorn, Elk’s Horn – Platycerium bifurcatum Star Jasmine – Trachelospermum jasminoides String of Beads – Senecio rowleyanus Swedish Ivy Ti Plant – Cordyline terminalis Violet – Viola spp. Wandering Jew – Tradescantia fluminensis Willow – Salix spp. Zebra Plant – Aphelandra squarrosa.

Acokanthera – Acokanthera spp. (all parts toxic, except ripe fruit) Amaryllis – Amaryllis spp. Angel’s Trumpet – Datura spp. Apple: Malus spp. Apricot: Prunus armeniaca (pits, leaves, and bark) Bitter Melon – Momordica charantia Baneberry – Actaea rubra, Avocado – Persea Americana Azalea – Rhododendron canadenis Balsam Pear Pachypoda Belladonna, Atropa belladonna, Poinciana, Bird of Paradise, and Associated Species Bittersweet – Celastrus spp. Black Locust – Robinia pseudoacacia Boxwood – Boxus spp. Buckthorn, Karwinskia humboldtiana, Pteridium aquilinum, Braken Fern, and related species Burdock – Arctium spp. Buttercup – Ranunculus spp. Caladium – Caladium spp. Cherry – Prunus spp. Calla Lily – Zantedeschia aethiopica Catclaw Acacia – Acacia greggii (twigs and leaves) Caster Bean – Ricinus communis (pits, leaves, and bark) Clematis – Clematis montana and related species; Chinaberry – Melia azadarach Coral plants: Jatropha mutifida; autumnal crocuses: Cholochicum autumnale; sago or Cycas revoluta; daffodils: Narcissus tazetta; dapis: Daphne mezerum; death camas: Zigadenus venenosus and related species; Delphinium: Delphinium spp. Dieffenbachia spp. (dumb cane) – Epipremnum aureum Dieffenbachia Elderberry: Sambucus mexicana (roots, leaves, stems, bark) Eggplant: Solonum melongena (unripe/ripe fruit, leaves) Taro, or elephant’s ears: Colocasia spp. Euonymus – Euonymus spp. European Pennyroyal – Mentha pulegium Figs – Ficus spp. (sap) Four o’clock – Mirabilis jalapa Heliotrope – Heliotropium spp. Holly: Ilex aquifolium Henbane: Hyoscyamus niger Holly and related species (leaves, berries) Horse Chestnut – Aesculus hippocastanum and related spp. Solanum carolinense, or horse nettle; Hyacinthus orientalis; Hydrangea; Hydrangea spp. Iris – Iris spp. Ivy – Hedera spp. (Boston, English and some others) Jack-in-the-Pulpit – Arisaema spp. Jerusalem Cherry – Solanum pseudocapsicum and related spp. (leaves, seeds, and flowers) Juniper – Juniperus spp. Jonquil – Narcissus jonquilla Lantana – Lantana camara Larkspur – Delphinium spp. Laurel – Kalmia spp. Lily-of-the-Valley – Convalleria majalis Lobelia – Lobelia spp. Locoweed – Astragalus spp. and Oxytopis spp. Lupine – Lupinus spp. Marijuana – Cannabis sativa Milkweed – Asclepias spp. Monkshood – Aconitum spp. Mistletoe – Phoradendron villosum Moonseed – Menispermum canadense Morning Glory – Ipomoea violacea (seeds) Mushrooms – Amanita spp. And many others Narcissus – Narcissus spp. Oak – Quercus spp. Nerium oleander, oleander; Prunus persica (leaves, pit, bark); Pyrus spp., pears; (leaves, seeds, and bark) Vinca minor and Vinca rosea Periwinkle, Peony, Lophophora williamsii, and Philodendron, Philodendron spp. and Monstera spp. Plum – Prunus spp. Poison Hemlock, Conium maculatum (leaves, pit, bark) Poison Ivy, Toxicodendron radicans, including T rydbergii Poison Oak – Toxicodendron querciflium and T. Poinsettia – Euphorbia pulcherrima Poppy – Papaver somniferum and related species; diversilobum Poison Sumac – Rhux vernix Pothos: Eprimemnum aureum Primrose: Prmula spp. Pokeweed: Phytolacca Americana Potato: Solanum tuberosum (sprouts, leaves, berries, green tubers) Ligustrum vulgare (privet), Senecio jacobea (ragwort), and other related species Red Maple – Acer rubrum Rhododendron – Rhododendron spp. The plants that make up the shamrock plant are Medicago lupulina, Trifolium repens, Oxalis acetosella, Symplocarpus foetidus, Snowdrop, Galanthus nivalis, Sorrel, and Rumex spp. For the leaves of the rhubarb plant, use Rheum rhabarbarum. , Oxalis spp. Spurges – Euphorbia spp. Ornithogalum umbellatum Sweet Pea Lathyrus odoratus Tobacco Nicotiania spp. Star of Bethlehem Tulip – Tulipa spp. Tomato – Lycopersicon esculentum (stems and leaves) Virginia Creeper – Panthenocissus quinquefolia Vetches – Vicia spp. Water Hemlock – Cicuta spp. Waxberry – Symphoricarpos albus Wisteria – Wisteria spp. Yew – Taxus spp.

Download the 8½” x 11″ Common Bird-safe House Plants Flyer: PDF | JPG

Owners of parrots and other pet birds need to be cautious about the kinds of plants they bring inside their homes because a lot of common houseplants are extremely harmful to birds. The plant variety, the bird’s size, and the amount of food the bird ate are the main factors that determine toxicity. An eating disorder in your bird is frequently an indication that it consumed something toxic, and poisoning can quickly become lethal.

Please contact your veterinarian or a poison helpline right away if you believe your bird may have consumed anything toxic. Of course, prevention is key. Acquire knowledge about toxic plants to ensure the safety of your bird.

FAQ

How toxic are hydrangeas?

Hydrangea poisoning produces severe gastroenteritis symptoms, along with bloody diarrhea, which is frequently bloody, as well as a hydrangea rash or skin irritation. However, most experts agree that the amount of the plant that would have to be consumed would be very large.

Which plants are toxic to birds?

Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana)
Roots, leaves, berries
Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum)
Stem, leaves, sprouts, green skins
Rhododendron (Rhodedendron simsii), Rhododendron species (Azalea)
All parts
Tobacco (Nicotiana spp.)
All parts

Are hydrangeas poisonous to livestock?

Cyanide poisoning may occur if horses are allowed free access to hydrangeas or their prunings. Colic- like symptoms and bloody diarrhea may result upon consumption, along with labored breathing, weakness, coma and death if toxic levels of cyanide are absorbed from the intestinal tract.

Are all hydrangeas toxic to pets?

Hydrangeas Are Toxic To Dogs The leaves, buds, flowers, and bark all contain the toxin, so if your dog munches any part of your hydrangeas, he could get sick. Hydrangeas also are toxic to other pets like cats and horses.